Personality is a combination of personal characteristics i.e behaving, feelings, and thinking. Characteristics can be inherent and acquired that make a person different from other people. Personality holds mood, attitude, and opinion. It also holds how a person interacts with other people in society.
Personality traits are all about the question that is: Who are you?
This question seems very simple but different in nature. There are different ways to answer this question. An answer can be, Peron’s Name, designation, role in family, passion, and hobbies. Answers could be more descriptive based on a person’s values and beliefs. Each of us has a different answer to this question which actually describes who we are?
All through the previous century, psychologists and character analysts have attempted to simplify personality’s complexity by recommending many people can fit into a specific class that mostly acquired the same preferences.
In Modern psychology, the personality traits are five empires that describe people’s personalities and explain the individual difference in society.
Background of 5 personality traits
Many volunteers of researchers find and explain the 5 broad traits that are focused on
Factual, information-driven research. Ernest Types and Raymond Christal push the underlying model, in the light of work done in the U.S. Aviation based armed forces Personnel Laboratory in the late 1950s.1 J.M. Digman proposed his 5 factor model of Personality 19902, and Goldberg stretched it to the most significant level of associations in 1993.3 In a Personality test, the Five-Factor Model or FFM4 and the Global Factors of personality may be utilized to reference the Big 5 personality traits.
Big 5 personality traits
HR experts frequently utilize the Big 5 personality traits measurements to help place workers. That is on the grounds that these measurements are viewed as the basic attributes that make up a person’s general personality. These traits are the building block of society.
It is most important to highlight that each of the five personality factors represents a range between two extremes. For example, extraversion represents a continuum between extreme extraversion and extreme introversion. In society, most people lie in the range of two polar ends of each dimension.
List of Big 5 personality traits:
The Big 5 personality trait list is given below that is most important for human personality.
Openness to experience:
John & Srivastava, 1999 described, Openness to experience describes the core of an individual’s experience and mental level. People in society who like to learn new things and ready to face new experiences are the people who score high in openness. These people are conscious of learning and meeting with new people and have a broad range of interests. They have the ability to think outside the box.
The most common traits belong to openness to experience include:
- Varied interests
- Preference for variety
A person who is low in openness to experience only likes to prefer routine tasks sticks on single statements, and mostly prefers less conceptual arts and entertainment. Changing personality is a difficult process, but openness is a personality trait that has been shown to be subject to change in adulthood. In a 2011 study, people who took psilocybin, or hallucinogenic “magic mushrooms,” became more open after the experience. This effect lasted at least a year, recommending that it could be permanent.
- They ready to cope with new challenges
- Happy to think about abstract concepts
- They are Very creative minds.
- They are ready to try new things
- They do not enjoy new things
- They are not willing to change things.
- They are not very imaginative
- They don’t like abstract or theoretical concepts.
- Mostly say no to new ideas
Conscientiousness is a trait that can be depicted as the tendency to control impulses and act in socially acknowledged ways, behaviors that facilitate goal-directed behavior. Mostly this type of personality is goal-oriented and thought-provoking. These people follow rules and regulations and align their daily routine tasks effectively. They plan their routine set targets and work hard to achieve their targets on time. They plan ahead, think about how their behavior affects others.
The most common traits belong to conscientiousness include:
- Hard work
People low in conscientiousness are mostly unplanned. They mostly tend toward carelessness. Conscientiousness is a helpful trait to have, as it has been linked to achievement in education and in the workplace.
- They spend time aligning the routine tasks.
- They finish important tasks according to their priority.
- They pay full dedications all necessary details
- They feel happy when they schedule their important tasks.
- These people don’t like to follow the routine.
- Mostly fail to accomplish important tasks.
- They fail to return things or put them back where they belong
- They don’t care about anything and are careless about decisions.
- They are reluctant to follow goals dimensions
The most recognizable personality trait of the Big Five is possibly Extraversion versus introversion. This dimension has 2 common ends of its structure is Extraversion and introversion. It basically concerns where an individual obtains their energy by interacting with other people.
Extroverted people mostly like to meet new people and feel good in this way. They are social birds and easily adjust to society. They have many friends and social circles to move and draw energy in this way.
Introverted People are mostly shy. Shyness implies a fear of social interactions or an inability to function socially. They don’t like to meet new people and are not welcoming. Sometimes they are less confident. They are not social at all. They have a very small circle of friends and family. They feel only good in their circle.
The most common traits belong to conscientiousness include
- Fun-loving nature
- Tendency for affection
- Social confidence
- Outgoing nature
- Ability to be articulate
This trait is prominent in big 5 personality traits. This dimension is mostly noticeable on job interviews and feedback purposes.
- They are social birds
- They like to start conversations and talking to others
- They Have a wide social circle of friends.
- They find it easy to make new friends on routine.
- They mostly say things before thinking about them
- They always like to prefer being with others and meeting new people
- Always love to make them prominent in a crowd.
- They mostly dislike starting conversations with new people
- Feels exhausted after socializing
- They always prefer being alone or by themselves
- They dislike being the center of attention
- Generally, they think things through before speaking in public.
Agreeableness is a dimension that explains a person’s care, a person’s faithfulness, affection levels, trust, and a sense of self-denial. These people are cooperative and loyal to their family, friends, and coworkers. They are helpful to deserving persons.
A person who scores high in this trait belongs to social welfare in society. People love their presence in meetings and parties. People who score low in these traits are not considered loyal and truthful. People dislike their presence and keep less interaction with them.
They will in general be insensitive, gruff, inconsiderate, surly, hostile, and snide. In spite of the fact that not all individuals who are low in pleasantness are coldblooded or rough, they are not prone to leave others with a warm fluffy inclination.
The most common traits belong to agreeableness include:
- They always enjoy helping and contributing to the happiness of other people
- They always assist others who are in need of help
- They have a great deal of interest in other people
- They always care about people who belong to them.
- They mostly feel empathy and concern for other people
- They little interest in other people’s problems
- The insults and not kind to others
- They just exploit others to get what they want
- They take little interest in others
- Don’t care about how other people feel
Neuroticism is a trait described by sadness and the emotional uncertainty of individuals. People who are high in this trait tend to experience mood swings, anxiety, irritability, and sadness. People who are low in this trait tend to be more stable and emotionally strong.
The most common traits belong to neuroticism include:
- Lack of confidence
- They appear to always be stressed in different scenarios.
- They get worried constantly.
- Experiences visible mood swings
- They struggle to bounce back after troubles in life
- They get upset more easily than a normal person
- Sometimes they appear anxious, irritable, or moody in different situations.
- They deal well with stress efficiently.
- They are emotionally stable and strong in every situation of life.
- They rarely feel sad, moody, or depressed.
- They are rather relaxed and don’t worry much.
personality traits are just general categories. They don’t actually define a complete person, nor capture the complexity of most people’s personality. Rather, think of them as a convenient shorthand to better understand yourself first and then others.